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[教程] 翻译教程 Waves:选择合适的压缩器

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翻译教程 Waves:选择合适的压缩器


1826
依然是惯例,先上:
原文地址:https://www.waves.com/which-compressor-plugin-should-i-choose-for-my-mix
原文标题:Which Compressor Plugin Should I Choose for My Mix?


说实话做分轨也已许久,但是还是从做贴唱开始学习的混音,今天偶然看到这个贴子,就想着顺手翻译一下吧,念念不忘必有回响。正好也算是扫盲吧。
本来是打算发到那些贴唱学习群的,但是考虑到他们也不看,还是发到坛子里比较好一些。
因为我现在接触的压缩器还是以VCA偏多的,个人也比较喜欢,调参数的过程很享(tong)受(ku)。

这篇文章是Waves的专题文章,当然也是卖自家插件的,但是大家都知道,同样的建模,有更好的选择,不是说坏话,而是Waves的建模真心差强人意,当然新手入门是很好的选择。
Which Compressor Plugin Should I Choose for My Mix?
我该为我的混音选择哪些压缩插件?


Learn the different types of compressors and when to use each one while mixing. In this guide, we'll level out which compressors are which: VCA, FET, Optical, Variable-Mu and digital compressor plugins; increase your threshold of compression knowledge!
学习不同种类的压缩器以及在混音时该使用的地方使用它们。在这篇指南中,我们将会确定这些种类的压缩器:VCA,FET,光学,Variable-Mu和数字压缩插件。
提升你对于压缩知识的threshold(阈值)!



Compression is hugely important when producing and engineering music, both for dynamics control and sound coloration. Because there are so many different compressor types, it can be confusing to decide which one to choose for a given situation. The aim of this article is to give you some clarity on the different compressor types and talk about how they're typically used.

当制作和设计音乐时,压缩是极为重要的,无论是针对动态控制还是声音的色彩塑造。因为有大量的压缩器种类,在给定情况下如何选择一个压缩器可能会让人很困惑。这篇文章的目的在于让你清楚地了解一些压缩器的种类同时讨论他们的典型使用情况。

Once you understand the strengths and weaknesses of different compressor types, it's a lot easier to know which one to choose in given situations. The suggested applications here are only guidelines, based on how various compressors are typically used, but there's no saying that you can't go counter to them if it works for your music.

一旦你了解了不同种类压缩器的优势和劣势,在给定情况下如何选择一个压缩器就会变得非常容易。这篇建议文章仅仅是指导,基于各种各样的压缩器通在常情况下的应用。但是没有这种说法:即使它们对你的音乐有好处,你也不应该使用它们。

Let's jump right in, starting with the main categories of analog compressors. Because so many plugins are built to emulate the characteristics of these classic designs, it's useful to know a little bit about how they work, what their strengths and weaknesses are, and how they differ from each other.

让我们从那些主要类型的模拟压缩器立即开始。因为许多插件是这些经典设计的建模,简单地了解它们是如何工作的,它们的长处和短处,它们之间的不同点,对我们来说非常有用。


从二楼开始更,大佬轻喷。


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1826
VCA压缩器

VCA is an acronym for "voltage-controlled amplifier," which is the component at the heart of the circuitry in this type of compressor. A VCA compressor reacts to peaks that are above the user-set threshold. VCA compressors are known for having fast response and are therefore a good choice on peaky, rhythmic or transient-heavy material.
VCA是“电压控制放大器”的首字母缩写,它是这类压缩器电路核心的组成部分。VCA压缩器对高于用户设定阈值的峰值作出反应。众所周知,VCA压缩器具有快速响应的特性,因此是峰值,节奏或大瞬态的理想选择。

Many VCA compressor designs include precise control of a wide range of compression parameters including threshold, ratio, attack and release time, makeup gain and sometimes knee. This abundance of control makes VCA compressors versatile jack-of-all-trades dynamics processors. Depending on how you set them, VCAs can be transparent or not to the original tone & harmonic characteristics.

许多VCA压缩器设计包括精确控制各种压缩参数,包括阈值,比率,启动和释放时间,补偿增益,有时还有曲度。这种丰富的控制使VCA压缩器成为通用的全功能动力处理器。根据您的设置方式,VCA可以是透明的,也可以不是原始音调和-Xie波特性的。



图上是dbx160的复刻。


对于透明度,重要的是不要将启动设置得太快,因为它可以压缩声音的初始瞬态,这往往会使声音看起来更加可听。如果将阈值设置得太低而且比率太高,则最终会压缩超过峰值,并且看起来“过度压缩”。不仅如此,当推得太猛时,VCA会导致严重的失真。如果其精确建模,VCA压缩器的数字仿真将表现出与模拟硬件版本类似的特性。

最着名的VCA压缩器包括API 2500,它可用作总线压缩器或单独的源,内置于SSL控制台的总线压缩器,以及dbx 160。后者是一款长期使用的压缩器,尤其适用于鼓,为鼓瞬态添加了自己独特的活泼特性。

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Good for:
适合于

Compressing drums, percussion and other transient-heavy sources
压缩鼓、打击乐和其他大瞬态的音源
Adding punch
添加Punch感(冲击感)
Smoothing out peaks in a transparent way—for example, restricting the dynamic range of a vocal or instrument performance without squashing transients
以透明地方式平滑峰值,例如人声和乐器的演奏动态范围,而不会挤压瞬态。
Buss compression—both master and subgroup
总线压缩,主轨和分组
Virtually any compression task, because they're so versatile
几乎任何的压缩任务,因为它们很全能。

Not as good for:
不适合:
Adding warmth or color
增加色彩与温暖感

1826
FET压缩器
Like the VCA, FET compressors are solid state but use a particular kind of component called a "field-effect transistor," which was designed to emulate the behavior of tube circuitry. FET compressors offer even faster reaction times than VCAs. Many FET compressors have no threshold control. The amount of compression applied is governed by the combination of the amplitude of the input signal, and the setting of the input level control. The louder the input, the more signal gets compressed.
与VCA一样,FET压缩器是固态的,但是它们使用一种称为场效应管的东东,这个小玩意用于模拟电子管电路的行为。FET反应比VCA更快。许多FET没有阈值控制。压缩的量是由输入信号的幅度和输入电平控制的组合决定的。输入越大,信号压缩的越多。(我个人理解是干湿比类似的)
A FET compressor is not what you'd choose if you want transparent gain control. It imparts a distinctive sonic fingerprint on the source material. Probably the most famous FET compressor is the Urei 1176, which is heard on thousands of classic albums and offers an aggressive, fast compression that's great on vocals, drums, guitars and more.
如果你想要一个瞬态增益控制压缩器,那么FET不是你的选择。(中间的吹逼内容省略)它会赋予声音独特的色彩。在人声、鼓和吉他或者其他东西上面提供激烈、快速的压缩。


Good for:适合于:
Adding an aggressive sound and excitement to vocals, drums, bass, guitars and more—from a little extra vibe to super pumpy
为人声,鼓,低音,吉他等增添刺激的声音和刺激 - 从一点额外的氛围到冲击力
Limiting, due to fast attack time
限制。因为有着快速启动时间。
Parallel processing; their ability to create extreme compression is useful when you're blending it in with the uncompressed sound
平行处理。当与未压缩的信号混合时,他们创造极端压缩的能力非常有用。

Not Good for:
不适合:
Transparent compression
透明压缩

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1826
Optical Compressors (光学压缩器)
Compressors typically split your input signal into two parts: One is sent through a detection circuit, which determines how the compressor will act, and the other is the audio that's operated upon by the compressor and sent to the output. In an optical compressor, the detection circuit is unique; the audio signal is turned into light, which triggers an electro-optical sensor that governs the amount of gain reduction. The response of this setup is smooth and transparent. Unlike other compressor types, hardware optical compressors have fixed ratios, typically 3:1.

压缩器通常将输入信号分成两部分:一部分通过检测电路发送,确定压缩器的动作方式,另一部分是压缩器操作并发送到输出的音频。 在光学压缩器中,检测电路是独特的; 音频信号变为光,触发电子传感器,控制增益减少量。 此设置的响应是平滑和透明的。 与其他压缩器类型不同,硬件光学压缩器具有固定的比率,通常为3:1。

Perhaps the most famous optical compressor of all time is the Teletronix LA-2A. Technically referred to as a "leveling amplifier" (hence the "LA" in the name) it combined both electro-optical circuitry and a tube amplifier for a smooth and pleasing compression that was particularly useful on vocal tracks, but also great on other sources. The LA-2A hardware unit is ubiquitous in commercial studios and has been heard on countless recordings. It is available in faithful plugin form as the CLA-2A.

也许有史以来最着名的光学压缩器是Teletronix LA-2A。 技术上被称为“水平放大器”(因此名称中的“LA”),它结合了电光电路和电子管放大器,实现了平滑和令人愉悦的压缩,这在人声轨道上特别有用,但在其他音源上表现得也很好。 LA-2A硬件单元在商业录音棚中无处不在,并且已经在无数的录音中听到过。

本帖最后由 qianyao 于 19-7-11 15:45 编辑
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1826
Good for:
适合于
Transparent compression
透明压缩
Adding warmth and sheen to vocals, guitars, basses and other instruments
为人声,吉他,贝司和其他乐器增添温暖和光泽(特别是LA-2A)
Improving the vibe of vocal tracks
改善人声的氛围

Not as good for:
不适合:
Controlling hard transients
控制硬瞬态
Aggressive-sounding compression
激进的压缩声
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1826
Variable-Mu Compressors
可变压缩器
A variable-mu compressor is based around tube circuitry that produces smooth compression with pleasant coloration. The circuitry achieves its attenuation through re-biasing of the tubes. It's not a super-fast acting compressor, so it’s not as good for transient control, but it adds warmth and depth to just about anything; you can get nice-sounding aggressive compression if you push the input and threshold controls to extremes.

Variable-Mu基于电子管电路,其产生平滑压缩并具有令人愉快的染色。 电路通过电子管的重新偏置实现其衰减。 它不是一个超快速动作压缩器,所以它不适合瞬态控制,但它可以为任何的声音增添温暖和深度; 如果将输入和阈值控制推到极限,你可以得到听起来很好的积极压缩。
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1826
看了一下后面的基本不怎么需要搬运了,更到这里

坛子里的大佬总体上来说用的都是硬件,相信2A啊这种压缩器都是闭着眼睛调的

用来扫盲吧!

1278
好文,感谢翻译

645
谢谢分享

101
谢谢分享

58
谢谢楼主搬运,另外差强人意是大体令人满意的意思
观众反应
:哈哈语文不好

101
谢谢分享

171
谢谢分享。。。。。。

1038
谢谢分享
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